The participation of brazilian olympic women in sport adventure until the 2012 games

Main Article Content

Raoni Perrucci Toledo Machado
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6216-9560

Abstract

From Maria Lenk's first participation in 1932 until the first gold and silver medals for women's beach volleyball in 1996, a long time has passed and many stories have been told. However, a great gap can be observed with regard to the 'adventure' sports modalities, and a long way is still to be taken so that this space can be filled and, who knows, crowned with a medal. The double challenges, referring to the difficulties faced both by gender issues and by prejudices against practitioners of the modalities considered as 'counterculture', were a great obstacle to their development. However, the current moment, when the 'adventure sport' has been gaining space both in the media and in the Olympic movement, is consequently causing many athletes practicing these modalities to start gaining this space as well, and especially voice through their practice. Of the 445 Brazilian women who participated in the Olympic Games up to the 2012 edition, only 25 of them were in any adventure sport, these being Slalon Canoeing, Mountain Bike and BMX Cycling, Rowing, Triathlon and Sailing (in the adapted windsurfing event , the current RS: X).

Article Details

Section
Original Article

References

1 Neils, J. Women in the ancient world. London: The British Museum Press; 2011.
2 Reese A, Rickerson IV. Ancient Greek women athletes. Athens: Ideotheatron; 2000.
3 Machado RPT. A grande mãe. In: Rubio K. (Org.). As mulheres e o esporte olímpico brasileiro. São Paulo: Casa do Psicólogo; 2011.
4 Vivante B. Women’s role in ancient civilization: a reference guide. London: Greenwood Press; 1999.
5 IOC. Pierre de Coubertin - Olympism: selected writings. Lausanne: International Olympic Committee; 2000.
6 Alves VZ, Melo VA. Um novo barato: Surfe e contracultura no Rio de Janeiro dos anos 1970. Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Esporte. 2017; 39(1): 2-9.
7 Machado RPT. Present and future of olimpism: The legacy of the “X Generation”. In: Rubio K. Preservation of memory: the social responsability of Olympic Games. São Paulo: Képos; 2014.
8 Carson R. Primavera silenciosa. São Paulo: Melhoramentos; 1969.
9 Bonzi RC. Meio século de primavera silenciosa: um livro que mudou o mundo. Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente. 2013; 28: 207-215.
10 Da Costa LP. Desporto e natureza: tendências globais e novos significados. Porto: Universidade do Porto; 1997.
11 Machado RPT. Uma aventura olímpica: novas modalidades, novos desafios. Olimpianos – Journal of Olympic Studies. 2017; 1(3): 220-231.
12 Rubio K. Atletas olímpicos brasileiros. São Paulo: Sesi-Sp Editora; 2015.
13 Da Costa LP. Atlas do esporte no brasil. Rio De Janeiro; Shape, 2005.
14 Thorpe H, Wheaton B. ‘Generation X-Games’, action sports andtThe Olympic Movement: understanding the cultural politics of incorporation. Sociology. 2011; 45(5): 830-847.
15 Rubio, K. Atletas do Brasil Olímpico. São Paulo: Kazuá, 2013.